Overhead cranes and hoists are indispensable pieces of equipment used in various industries for material handling and lifting tasks. These powerful machines play a crucial role in efficiently moving heavy loads, enhancing productivity, and ensuring worker safety. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of overhead cranes and hoists commonly used in industrial settings, each designed to meet specific lifting requirements and operational needs.
Bridge Cranes (EOT Cranes):
Bridge cranes, also known as Electric Overhead Traveling (EOT) cranes, are the most common type of overhead crane. They consist of a horizontal beam (bridge) that travels along elevated runways or tracks installed on the building’s structure. Bridge cranes are capable of moving heavy loads across the length of the crane system. They offer various configurations, such as single girder and double girder, to suit different lifting capacities and spans.
Gantry cranes are similar to bridge cranes, but they are supported by legs that run on rails at ground level, allowing them to move along the floor. Gantry cranes are ideal for outdoor applications or areas where installing overhead runways is not feasible. They offer high lifting capacities and can be equipped with rubber tires for mobility.
Jib cranes are compact and versatile cranes that feature a horizontal jib arm that rotates around a vertical pillar or column. They are commonly used in workstations where precise lifting and positioning of loads are required. Jib cranes come in various designs, including wall-mounted, floor-mounted, and free-standing configurations.
Monorail cranes consist of a single beam that moves along a fixed overhead track. They are well-suited for applications where materials need to be transported along a linear path. Monorail cranes are often used in assembly lines, warehouses, and manufacturing facilities.
Underhung cranes are a type of bridge crane that is suspended from the building’s roof structure. Unlike traditional bridge cranes, underhung cranes’ load-bearing wheels are mounted on the bottom flange of the runway beam. These cranes are ideal for situations where headroom is limited.
Wire Rope Hoists:
Wire rope hoists are an essential component of overhead cranes, used to lift and lower loads. They consist of a drum around which a wire rope is wound. The wire rope is connected to a hook or other lifting device that attaches to the load. Wire rope hoists are available in various lifting capacities to meet different material handling requirements.
Chain hoists are compact and versatile lifting devices commonly used for smaller loads and in limited space environments. They use a chain as the lifting medium, and the chain is attached to a hook or lifting attachment that raises and lowers the load. Chain hoists can be manually operated or powered by electricity or air.
Electric Chain Hoists:
Electric chain hoists are powered chain hoists that offer precise and controlled lifting operations. They are ideal for frequent lifting and lowering tasks, and they come with various safety features such as overload protection and adjustable lifting speeds.
Air Chain Hoists:
Air chain hoists are pneumatic-powered hoists that provide reliable lifting in environments where electricity is not suitable or feasible. They are commonly used in hazardous or explosive environments due to their spark-resistant properties.
Overhead cranes and hoists are vital tools in various industries, enabling efficient material handling, lifting, and positioning of heavy loads. The different types of overhead cranes, including bridge cranes, gantry cranes, jib cranes, and monorail cranes, offer versatile solutions for various lifting requirements. Additionally, wire rope hoists and chain hoists provide the lifting power required to move loads safely and effectively.
When choosing the appropriate overhead crane or hoist for a specific application, factors such as lifting capacity, span, lifting height, environment, and safety considerations should be taken into account. By understanding the different types of overhead cranes and hoists available, industries can make informed decisions to optimize their material handling processes, increase productivity, and ensure the safety of their workers.